Meeting with BIBSYS 16th November 2016
A brief report from a planning meeting between BIBSYS, GBIF.no and Artsdatabanken on Wednesday 16th November
GBIF introduced in September 2014 in collaboration with DataCite Denmark Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) for all datasets published in GBIF. The primary objective is to improve data citation mechanisms and contribute to establish academic credits for the participants in data publication and data curation. Another goal is to improve the mechanisms to measure and track the impact of published datasets.
Recent collaboration activities between DataCite and Crossref ensures cross-linking of DataCite-issued DOIs cited in a academic paper and Crossref-DOIs assigned to each academic paper. The recent Horizon 2020-funded THOR project establish a particularly interesting collaboration between DataCite, Crossref, and ORCID to establish interoperability between these infrastructures, integrate services and maintain cross-linking of identifiers.
The dataset DOIs established at GBIF will resolve to a landing page at the GBIF data portal (with a cached copy for the source dataset). However, our goal is for each data publishing institute to establish long-term data archiving and identify the source datasets with a locally assigned DOI. When our data publishing institutes establish their own DOIs, resolution for the GBIF assigned DOI will be marked as deprecated and we will maintain a redirection to the new DOI landing page that is maintained by the source data publisher.
- Resource must be citation-worthy
- Resource must have good metadata
- Long-term archiving and accessibility for data
Following the guidelines from the GBIF Secretariat, GBIF.no could establish a DOI prefix and maintain landing pages for datasets published by Norwegian institutes. During the meeting at BIBSYS, we concluded this option to be considered less urgent given that the GBIF Secretariat already provide this service. However, GBIF.no will proceed to establish a DOI and/or a Handle prefix to provide persistent identity IDs for museum specimens, collecting events, and other data types. Many of these entities inside the data content of the datasets are themselves cite-worthy! GBIF.no offer today persistent identity services as http-PURL-UUID for these entities and a Handle or DOI service would provide very useful complementary services. We plan to reuse the UUIDs as part of the Handle or DOI names.
Another important data type is people and institutions with roles such as collector of biological material or data, curator of biological material or data, etc. GBIF is making progress to integrate ORCIDs as identifiers for people and Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (GRBio) identifiers for institutions and herbarium collections. However, ORCIDs are intended for living and active researchers, and must be claimed by the researcher herself - and some of the collectors of biological material in Natural History Museums are no longer alive and not eligible for an ORCID. However, the ORCIDs are a subset of the International Standard Name Identifier (ISO 27729) (ISNI) with a much broader scope, intended for authors and creators of creative works. Through the Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) service, name authority files can be combined. All people, institutions, and herbaria collections in the GBIF system should be integrated to the ISNI authority file landscape of identifiers. BIBSYS expressed interest to assist with the integration of Norwegian GBIF-related authority files for people and institutions to VIAF and ISNI compatible services.
See also our previous news story about the seminar 1st November on open access to research data at the Research Council of Norway: http://www.gbif.no/news/2016/data-archiving-ncr.html
DataCite (BIBSYS, DTU):
THOR (Horizon 2020 funded):
GBIF declare dataset DOIs:
DOI - Digital Object Identifier
Identifiers for people and institutions: